Province of Ontario Immigration Records


By Fawne Stratford-Devai
Published by Global Heritage Press, 2003, Updated 2019
8.5 x 11 inches, 54 pages, PDF Download


Researchers seeking immigration records of specific people are often unaware of the diverse and plentiful records created at the provincial level. This guide book is designed to provide an overview of immigration records created by and for the Province of Ontario, during the 18th and 19th centuries. Many of these records are at the Archives of Ontario and have been digitized by


Evolution of Responsibility for Emigrants in Ontario

  • British Records: Military & Colonial Office
  • Military Settling Department
  • Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
  • Civil Secretary
  • Crown Land Records
  • Emigrant Agents
  • The Emigrant Office
  • Bureau of Agriculture [Dept. of Agriculture] (Canada West): 1852-1867
  • Department of the Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works: 1867-1877
  • Immigration Branch 1869-1874

Records of the Toronto Emigration Office

  • Correspondence
  • Toronto Office Assisted Immigration Registers
  • Toronto Office Arrival and Destination Registers
  • Toronto Emigrant Office Financial Records (1831-1879)
  • Toronto Convalescent and Fever Hospital (1847-1848)
  • Report of the Inspection of Children (1875, 1886)
  • Toronto Emigrant Office Records Microfilm Listing

Ontario Department of Immigration Records

  • Ontario Department of Emigration Records: Code Conversion List
  • The Evolution of Ontario’s Immigration Department
  • Records of the Department of Immigration
  • Passage Bonus Receipts (1873-1875)
  • Refund Bonus Certificates (1873-1874)
  • Applications for Refund Bonus (1869-73, 1874-76)
  • Six Dollar Bonus Warrants (1875)
  • Arrival & Destination Records (1862-1881)
  • Free Railway Pass Records (1869,1872-73,1879)
  • Accounting Records (1869-1901)
  • Miscellaneous Records (1869-1896)

Additional Sources for Ontario Immigrants

  • Home Children
  • British Emigration Files
  • Scottish Emigration Files
  • Irish Emigration
  • German Immigration
  • Records of Refugees
  • Jewish Immigration Records

Internet Resources – Updated links in June 2019